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Research Project 2

Accounting for Employment Effects of Solid Waste Management Programs Across Industrial Categories and Levels of Government in Florida

Project Overview

The SWMA not only laid a solid foundation for sustainable and environmentally responsible solid waste management, it has also stimulated job creation in specific industrial sectors of the economy. Large numbers of quality green jobs have been produced in solid waste management in the two decades since implementation of the SWMA. But existing data does not isolate the specific sectors and subsectors influenced by local solid waste management programs or track green jobs over time. This study extends the ongoing investigation of the employment effects of 1988 Florida Solid Waste Management Act (SWMA) supported by the Hinkley Center in three ways. First, it replicates the county level analysis for municipal governments. Second, it extends the time series analysis to examine employment through 2012. Third, it extends the analysis beyond the direct employment effects to examine indirect economic benefits across the supply chain by isolating waste collection, waste disposal and treatment, recycling reliant industries, and reuse industries. This analysis will be based on our Florida Dunn & Bradstreet National Establishments Data Base (NETS) informed by a survey of private recovered materials dealers in Florida.

This study differentiates direct and indirect solid waste employment to generate rigorous evaluation of the economic impact of SWMA, and provide practical policy advices for policy makers and administrators to stimulate solid-waste-based economic development and create more green jobs for Florida.

Research Objectives

This project aims,

1. To extend the longitudinal database of solid waste employment and policy at the county and state levels to include municipalities;

2. To extend the evaluation of solid waste jobs to analyze job growth through 2012; and

3. To examine indirect as well as direct employment effects to identify direct economic benefits across the supply chain as informed by a survey of private recovered materials dealers in the state.

Practical Benefits for End Users

1. The analysis proposed here will provide policy makers and stakeholders relevant information on 1) the overall solid waste employment in Florida; 2) employment by specific types of establishments; 3) county and city level solid waste employment, over the last twenty-two years.

2. Identification of the types of facilities that are most effective in creating green jobs in solid waste management, and the types of facilities that are undergoing hardships in maintaining jobs.

3. Identification of both direct and indirect solid waste employment as a result of local solid waste programs and linking the solid waste economy to the broader concept of sustainable economic development.

4. Identification of effective state, county and city policy tools in promoting solid-waste-based economic development.

5. Provision of policy advice regarding the most effective current solid waste management programs, and policy tools needed to strengthen the job creation momentum in solid waste industry, based on establishment-specific survey designs and implementation.